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Tabriz

  • Iran
  • Tabriz
  • 45,650 km²
  • +3:30 UTC
  • IRR
  • TBZ
  • Persian
  • 3.7 million

General Information About Tabriz

Tabriz Situated in the fastness of northwestern Iran, Tabriz is a historic city situated at the crossroads of Persia and the Caucasus and a is classic stop along the famed Silk Road. As Iran has been subject to travel warnings since the 1979 Islamic Revolution, a place like Tabriz is not the simplest place for Americans to travel to. However, those that do find exotic culture in an off the beaten track location.

History and Culture

After the conquest of Iran by Muslims, the Arabic Azd tribe from Yemen resided in Tabriz. The development of post-Islamic Tabriz began as of this time. The Islamic geographer Yaqut says that Tabriz was a village before Rawwad from the tribe of Azd arrive at Tabriz. In 791 AD, Zubaidah, the wife of Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid, rebuilt Tabriz after a devastating earthquake and beautified the city so much as to obtain the credit for having been its founder. After the Mongol invasion, Tabriz came to eclipse Maragheh as the later Ilkhanid capital of Azerbaijan until it was sacked by Timur in 1392. Chosen as a capital by Abaqa Khan, fourth ruler of the Ilkhanate, for its favored location in the northwestern grasslands, in 1295, his successor Ghazan Khan made it the chief administrative center of an empire stretching from Anatolia to the Oxus River and from the Caucasus to the Indian Ocean. Under his rule new walls were built around the city, and numerous public buildings, educational facilities, and caravansarais were erected to serve traders traveling on the ancient Silk Road. The ByzantineGregory Choniades is said to have served as the city's Orthodox bishop during this time. In the 13th century many western expediters visited Tabriz in their way to the east, all of them amazed by the richness of the city, its magnificent buildings and institutions.Marco Polo who traveled thorough the silk road passed Tabriz about 1275 describe it as: "a great city surrounded by beautiful and pleasant gardens. It is excellently situated so the goods bring to here from many regions. Latin merchants especially Genevis go there to buy the goods that come from foreign lands. During the middle Ages, a Jewish community existed in the town. In the 16th century a Jewish Yemenite traveler to the town described the deteriorating conditions of Jewish life there. From 1375 to 1468, Tabriz was the capital of Kara Koyunlu state in Azerbaijan, and from 1469to 1501 the capital of AkKoyunlu state. Some of the existing historical monuments including the Blue Mosque belong to the Kara Koyunlu period.

In 1501, Shah Ismail I entered Tabriz and proclaimed it the capital of his Safavid state. In 1514, after the Battle of Chaldiran, Tabriz was temporarily occupied by the Ottomans, but remained the capital of Safavid Iranian empire until 1548, when Shah Tahmasp I transferred it to Qazvin to avoid the growing threat of Ottoman army. Between 1585 and 1603, Tabriz was occupied by the Ottomans but liberated by the Safavid king, Abbas I of Persia after which it grew as a major commercial center, conducting trade with the Ottoman Empire, Russia, central Asia, and India. In summer of 1721 a large earthquake shocked Tabriz killed about eighty thousands of its residents. The devastation continued later on 1724-1725 by the crucial invasion of the city by Ottoman army during which they imprisoned and killed of about two hundred thousands of Tabriz inhabitants. The city was retaken later by the Iranian army. In coming years widespread of the hunger and disease killed more number of the city residents. In 1780, a major earthquake hits near Tabriz killing over 200,000. The tragic devastation reduced the number of inhabitants to about thirty thousands and turned the city to a mere ghost’s town. At the end of the 18th century the city was divided to several districts each of which was ruled by a family, until 1799 when Qajar Prince Abbas Mirza appointed as the governor of the city. During Qajar dynasty the city was the residence for the Crown Prince during. The crown prince normally served as governor of Azerbaijan province as well. One of the most important events in this period was the war between Iran and Russia. With the last series of the Russian-Iranian wars the city was captured by Russia in 1826. After signing the peace treaty the Russian army retreat from the city however the Russian political and military influence remained a major issue up to the fall of Russian empire in the early 20th century. After retreat of Russian army Abbas Mirza, Qajar prince of crown, started a modernization scheme launched from Tabriz. He introduced Western-style institutions, imported industrial machinery, installed the first regular postal service, and undertook military reforms in the.

Tabriz Main Districts

Akhmaqaya

Akhmaqaya is an ancient and historic district in southwestern of Tabriz. Akhmaqaya has a great and old cemetery which has hundreds of old carved tombstones and ram sculptures.The largest of these tombstones belongs to Khajeh Amineddin Sadaqeh,that has been dug beautiful inscriptions in Thuluth script on the upper margin of its walls.

Amirkhiz

Amirkhiz is an ancient and historic district in northwestern part of Tabriz.It is limited to Aji Chay in north and Meydan Chayi in south.Istanbul gate, one of the eight famous and ancient gates of Tabriz is located in the south of this district.

Baron Avak

Baron Avak is an old neighbourhood in the city center of Tabriz in Iranian Azerbaijan. The inhabitants of Baron Avak are mostly among the Iranian Armenian minority of Tabriz. The neighbourhood contains several historic and contemporary buildings and organizations dedicated to the Armenians of Tabriz, such as several churches (e.g., Surp Sarkis Church), sportsclubs, gardens and schools. The name of the neighbourhood comes after Avak Avakian, who was the wealthy founder of the neighbourhood in nineteenth century.

Davachi (Shotorban)

Davachi (Azerbaijani: Dəvəçi, Persian: دَوه‌چی, also literally translated into شتربان in Persian) is an old and historical district in North of Tabriz. Davachi district is limited to Eynali mountain and Sırxab district in North and east, Meydan Chayi in South and Amirkhiz district in west. Davachi used to have several caravansary, old houses and traditional baths, many of which have been destroyed.

Tabriz Useful Tips

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Best Time To Go

The best time to visit Tabriz will be when the average temperatures are at a comfortable level (between 20°C / 68.0°F and 30°C / 86.0°F on average) which is during months June, July, August and September. Other great months to visit Tabriz are April, May and October when the average temperatures are a little cooler but still between a pleasant 10°C / 50.0°F and 20°C / 68.0°F. If you don't mind bringing a coat, you might also enjoy visiting Tabriz during March, November and December but average temperatures are fairly cool (between 0°C / 32.0°F and 10°C / 50.0°F).

Local Food

Azerbaijani cuisine has a number of light snacks and side dishes to open or accompany the main meals: a plate of aromatic green leaves called goy, pieces of chorek (bread),choban (a tomato and cucumber salad), and sometimes white cheese or qatik (sour yogurt). Cold snacks are generally served separately from the drinks.

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Souvenir and Handicraft

East Azerbaijan province of Iran is one of the centers of handicrafts. In the province of carpets, rugs, woolen cloth, saddlebags, carpets, shawls, Glymchh, pottery and ceramics, all kinds of wicker baskets, woolen cloth and silk, embroidery, silver making, knitting, towel , shoes and shoe and crafts make up the major items.

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Laleh Kandovanhotel. tabriz. iran hotel

Laleh Kandovan Hotel
Tabriz Iran

0 reviews

Five-Star Hotel Laleh Kandovan in Tabriz is the world's third largest reef hotel.Rocky Hotel KANDOVAN the first type of hotel "Boutique" of Iran, with a variety of rocky and Sugarloaf suites is a place to reconcile human with its surrounding environment.

avg/night€96.00 SELECT
ShahryarInternationalHotel, tabriz , iran, hotel
0 reviews

5-star Shahriyar hotel is located in the begining of El Goli in an area of hospitable climate. Equipped with modern facilities and enjoying international standards, hotel came into operation in 2007. Shahriyar hotel is proud to provide services according to the latest international standards.

avg/night€110.00 SELECT
Tabriz International Hotel , tabriz, iran, hotel
0 reviews

Beautiful and four-star international hotel in Tabriz belongs to the private sector in one of the best places in the city is located.

avg/night€86.00 SELECT

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Iran Encompassed in 10 Days 01/01/2016 - 03/20/2016

per person€1400.00
  • Tehran> Hamedan> Zanjan> Tabriz> Ardebil
  • The fabulous Gonbad-iSoltaniyeh
  • The magnificent complex of Takht-iSoleyman
  • Armenian architectural and decorative
kandovan_village_tabriz_iran_letsgopersia
per person€3150.00
  • Tabriz>Zanjan>Tehran>Isfahan>Shiraz>Kerman>Yazd>Damghan>Mashhad
  • Meet Azeris in Tabriz and study their rich culture
  • Wonder at Persian art in Isfahan's mosques and palaces
  • see the oldest Zoroasterian fire in the world