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Shiraz

shiraz, iran shiraz, shiraz iran, iran
  • Iran
  • Shiraz
  • 122,608km²
  • +3:30 UTC
  • IRR
  • SYZ
  • Persian
  • 4.2 Milion

General Information About Shiraz

Shiraz is a city of sophistication that has been celebrated as the heartland of Persian culture for more than 2000 years. Known as the Dar-ol-Elm (House of Learning), the City of Roses, City of Love and City of Gardens, Shiraz has become synonymous with education, nightingales, and poetry. It was one of the most important cities in the medieval Islamic world and was the Iranian capital during the Zand dynasty (AD 1747–79), When many of its most beautiful buildings were built or restored. This city is situated in the south east of Iran and is the capital city of Fars Province.

History and Culture

The earliest reference to Shiraz is on Elamite clay tablets dated to 2000 BCE, found in June 1970 during digging for the construction of a brick kiln in the southwest corner of the city. The tablets, written in ancient Elamite, name a city called Tiraziš The city was spared destruction by the invading Mongols when its local ruler offered tributes and submission to Genghis Khan. Shiraz was again spared by Tamerlane when in 1382 the local monarch, Shah Shoja agreed to submit to the invader. In the 13th century, Shiraz became a leading center of the arts and letters, thanks to the encouragement of its ruler and the presence of many Persian scholars and artists. For this reason the city was named by classical geographers Dar al-Elm, the House of Knowledge. Among the important Iranian poets, mystics and philosophers born in Shiraz were the poets Sa'di and Hafiz the mystic Roozbehan and the philosopher Mulla Sadra.

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As early as the 11th century, several hundred thousand people inhabited Shiraz. In the 14th century Shiraz had sixty thousand inhabitants. During the 16th century it had a population of 200,000 people, which by the mid-18th century had decreased to only 50,000. In 1504 Shiraz was captured by the forces of Ismail I, the founder of the Safavid dynasty. Throughout the Safavid empire (1501–1722) Shiraz remained a provincial capital and Emam Qoli Khan, the governor of Fars under Shah Abbas I, constructed many palaces and ornate buildings in the same style as those built in the same period in Isfahan, the capital of the Empire. After the fall of the Safavids, Shiraz suffered a period of decline, worsened by the raids of the Afghans and the rebellion of its governor against Nader Shah; the latter sent troops to suppress the revolt. The city was besieged for many months and eventually sacked. At the time of Nader Shah's murder in 1747 most of the historical buildings of the city were damaged or ruined, and its population fell to 50,000, a quarter of that of the 16th century.

Shiraz Main Districts

Astaneh Shiraz

Very old neighborhood in the center of Shiraz is Aladdin Shrine of Syed Hussain son of Mousa Kazem and is the most important shrine after Shahcheragh court in Shiraz .

Pasargad

was the capital of the Achaemenid Empire under Cyrus the Great who had issued its construction (559–530 BC); it was also the location of his tomb. It was a city in ancient Persia, located near the city of Shiraz (in Pasargad County), and is today an archaeological site and one of Iran's UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Abadeh

The area of Abadeh County is 6800 km² and its capital is the city of Abadeh in the north of Fars Province. This county neighbors Abarkuh in Yazd Province from the eastern side, Khorrambid and Eqlid from southern side, and Isfahan Province from west and north. Abadeh is 275 km away from Shiraz from northeastern side.

Jahrom

Jahrom County is located in a plain covered by date palms and citrus and its honeyed Shahani dates, as the message of peace and love, sweeten the taste and the fascinating perfume of orange and other citrus fruits pacifies the soul.

Kharameh

The area of Kharameh County is 1264 km² and it was subdivided from Shiraz in 2010. Based on some evidences and documentation available to us, Kharameh dates back to 1500 years ago, i.e. 500 AD, and it has been referred to in some of the most significant historical texts. Kharameh neighbors Arsanjan from north, Neyriz and Estahban from east, Fasa from southeast, Sarvestan from south, Shiraz from west, and Marvdasht from northwest. The city of Kharameh is 75 km away from Shiraz in eastern direction.

Shiraz Useful Information

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Best Time To Go

Extremes of temperature are the main factors in determining when to visit. Spring and autumn are easily the best times to come, and if you come in spring you avoid having countless Iranians tell you: 'Oh, but you must come back in the spring, it's beautiful'. The most agreeable time to visit the south coast is during winter.

Local Food

In different cities, villages and tribal areas of the province, special kinds of food are prepared. These are known as various Aash (vegetable Shorba) such as Shalqam,Anar, Meat Aash, Yogurt, Kashk, Yasorak, Reshteh, Macaroni, Spinach, Qooreh, Kardeh, Dooq and Kaleh Pacheh Aashes; different Abgoosht(meat Shorbas) such as cabbage, Macaroni, Adasi and simple Abgoosht. Other dishes consists of Polow Babooneh, Havij Polow, Koofteh Helew, Dampokht, Meigoo Polow, Kalam Polow Shirazi, various Khoreshts or curries, Boranies and so many varieties which would be quite interesting and fun for new comers to taste .

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Souvenir and Handicraft

handicrafts such as inlaid work, silver work, pottery making, carpet weaving and embossing are considered the most important souvenirs of Shiraz. natural syrup of Shiraz is the best souvenirs in Shiraz. Shatareh syrupt , eglantine, Bidimeshk , bergamot, Taruneh, blossom of orange(Bahar Naranj), mint, Astraceae, the lemon and orange juice, borage and hawthorn are examples of these syrupts. Meymand rose water is important souvenir of Fars and Shiraz. Abu Reyhan Biruni in Sadineh book writes: flower which take rose water from it, Fars people call it Azad Gol. Fars was known for taking Rose Water in Ghaznavian period. Although in the past, Rose Water of Yazd, Isfahan and Basra was famous Fars .

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ryobarzanhotel, shairaz, iran, hotel

Aryo Barzan Hotel
Shiraz Iran

0 reviews

A three-star hotel in the city. Three star hotels Ariyo Barzan Hotel Shiraz facilities and valid web site (Tripadvisor) is a good score 3.8 out of site users.

avg/night€68.00 SELECT
chamrangrandhotel, shairaz, iran

Chamran Hotel
Shiraz Iran

0 reviews

ChamranGreadHotel is located in the one of the most beautiful places of Shiraz City and among Qasr-Dasht verdant gardens. This

avg/night€120.00 SELECT
HomaHotel, shiraz, iran

Homa Hotel
Shiraz Iran

0 reviews

-star luxury Homahotel is located near park of azadi, in the northwestern of tourism and pilgrimage city of Shiraz in green and quiet area with beautiful landscape and is located in the city center.

avg/night€130.00 SELECT
karimkhanhotel, shiraz, iran, hotel

Karim khan Hotel
Shiraz Iran

0 reviews

Karim Khan Hotel in Shiraz beautiful three-star hotel is located in Rudaki Avenue.

avg/night€50.00 SELECT
parkhotel, shiraz, iran, hotel

Park Hotel
Shiraz Iran

0 reviews

4- stars Park Hotel is one of the oldest hotels in Shiraz which was built by Mr. Yazdani and Mr. Hooshyar in 1338 (1959 AD) and is now run by private owners.

avg/night€85.00 SELECT
parshotel, shiraz, iran, hotel
0 reviews

5-star pars hotel in the central area of ​​the city, the cultural capital of the world. The hotel has been exploited by Mr. Asadullah part in 1381 and one of the most luxurious hotel in the south of the country is located on the street Karim Khan Zand.

avg/night€108.00 SELECT
parsianhotel, shairaz, iran
0 reviews

The Pars International Hotel 5*, as the most luxurious hotels of south of the country, is located in the Karim

avg/night€110.00 SELECT
persepolishotel, shairaz, iran, hotel

Persepolis Hotel
Shiraz Iran

0 reviews

5 star Persepolice International Hotel is located in city centre of Shiraz, Iran cultural capital and neighboring with ancient heritage of this land, and ready to services you dear guests in all season of the year for 24-hours.

avg/night€110.00 SELECT
setareganhotel, shiraz, iran

Setaregan Hotel
Shiraz Iran

0 reviews

4-star Setaregan Hotel located in great place close to all the tourist attractions. It is located in north of the

avg/night€80.00 SELECT
elyseehotel, shiraz, iran, hotel

Shiraz Elysee Hotel
Shiraz Iran

0 reviews

Hotel Elysee with the idea of ​​"different in Shiraz", hotel accommodation Recreational and commercial quality and meet all the needs of today's guests Shiraz to improve is in the area of ​​Shd.mntqh Maali Maali Abad Abad is located in the north-west of Shiraz.

avg/night€72.00 SELECT
shairazhotel, shairaz, iran, hotel

Shiraz Hotel
Shiraz Iran

0 reviews

5 star Shiraz Hotel this is located in the city of Shiraz, the birthplace of Persian culture and art. This hotel, with 40000 m² area in 14 floors, is situated in neighborhood of the holy Quran gate and it is close to touristic places in Shiraz.

avg/night€120.00 SELECT
parsianhotel, shiraz, iran, hotel

shiraz Persian hotel
Shiraz Iran

0 reviews

This four-star hotel was opened in the early seventies and solar, is located in Rudaki Avenue, which is full of hotels. As the name suggests, the hotel under the Corp Hotels Group is a large and luxurious hotels in the country to be handled.

avg/night€68.00 SELECT

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Classic Iran in 9 Days 01/01/2016 - 05/01/2016

per person€1400.00
  • Shiraz> Isfahan> Kashan> Tehran
  • Museums and architectural heritages
  • Essence of Classic Iran
  • Persepolis Complex