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Hamedan

  • Iran
  • Hamedan
  • 19,546 km²
  • +3:30 UTC
  • IRR
  • HDM
  • Persian
  • 1.7 Milion

General Information About Hamedan

Hamadan is one of the western and mountainous cities of Iran, which is located in Hamedan province and along Elburz Mountains and is 360 kilometers away from southwest of Tehran. It is one of the historical-cultural and touristic cities of Iran that was built in Medes period at eight century B.C. Medes named this city Hegamataneh, and Hamadan is the new name (face) for Hegmataneh. It is also considered as the history and civilization capital of Iran.

History and Culture

According to Clifford Edmund Bosworth, "Hamadan is very old city. It may conceivably, but improbably, be mentioned in cuneiform texts from ca. 1100 BC, the time of Assyrian King Tiglath-pilesar I, but is certainly mentioned by Herodotus who says that the king of Media Diokes built the city of Agbatana or Ekbatana in the 7th century BC. Hamadan was established by the Medes and was the capital of the Median empire. It then became one of several capital cities of the Achaemenid Dynasty. Hamadan is mentioned in the biblical book of Ezra as the place where a scroll was found giving the Jews permission from King Darius to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem.Its ancient name of Ecbatana is used in the Ezra text. Because it was a mile above sea level, it was a good place to preserve leather documents. During the Parthian era, Ctesiphon was the capital of the country, and Hamadan the summer capital and residence of the Parthian rulers. After the Parthians, the Sassanids constructed their summer palaces in Hamadan. In the year 633 the battle of Nahavand took place and Hamadan fell into the hands of the Muslim Arabs.

During the Buwayhids, the city suffered much damage. In the 11th century, the Seljuks shifted their capital from Baghdad to Hamadan. The city of Hamadan, its fortunes following the rise and fall of regional powers, was completely destroyed during the Timurid invasion. During the Safavid era the city thrived. Thereafter, in the 18th century, Hamadan was surrendered to the Ottomans, but due to the courage and chivalry of Nader Shah Afshar, Hamadan was cleared of invaders and, as a result of a peace treaty between Iran and the Ottomans, it was returned to Iran. Hamadan stands on the Silk Road, and even in recent centuries the city enjoyed strong commerce and trade as a result of its location on the main road network in the western region of Persia and Iran. During World War I, the city was the scene of heavy fighting between Russian and Turko-German forces. It was occupied by both armies, and finally by the British, before it was returned to control of the Iranian government at the end of the war in 1918.

Hamedan Main Districts

Tuyserkan

Tuyserkan is located about 100 km south of Hamadan, in western Iran. However, it was formerly called Roud Avar. Latter was ruined in the invasion of the Mongols and its people fled to Toy (or Tuy) village, afterwards called Toyserkan because of its proximity to Serkan (a town located northwest of Toyserkan). The ancient hills of Baba Kamal, Roudlar, Shahrestaneh, the remains of a Sassanid city in Velashjerd, the Saljuk Dome named after prophet Habakkuk, the Safavid building of Shaykh Ali Khani School and the Qajar period’s covered bazaar, are all indicative of Toyserkan’s historical background. Toyserkan is well known for its quality Walnut trees within Iran and the world. Its weather is mild and nice in the summer and cold in the winter, the city is surrendered by Zagros Mountains with great views and landscapes.

Malayer

he second largest city of the province, Malayer has a reputation for rug weaving and has some popular parks. Malayer is located between Hamedan. One of the notable aspects of the city in the 1960s was a series of beautifully decorated horse and buggies. Any day of the week about twenty-five such horse and carriages were mostly parked in the town center with ready drivers to serve visitors and the locals. The most popular destination for carriages was the City Park, called "Park-e Malyer". "Park-e Malayer" was another City trademark well known in the Hamedan province. The park, situated a couple of miles outside the City, contained a number of small lakes, lush vegetation, colorful ducks and many trees and shrubbery. Hamedan province is situated in a semi arid region. Thus "Park e Malayer" with its natural beauty and lush vegetation was a serene, inviting environment in the region. During hot summers many people would spend some time in Malayer to enjoy the "Horse and Buggy" ride and rest at the park. People in Malayer speak Malayeri dialectic which is related to Persian language.

Laljin

is a district in Bahar County, Hamadan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 44,568, in 10,635 families.The District has two cities: Lalejin andMohajeran. The District has two rural districts Mohajeran Rural District and Sofalgaran Rural District.

Bahar

is a one of the district in Hamadan Province. At the 2006 census, its population was 27,271, in 6,956 families. Most of the people are farmers and potato and watermelon is cultivated mostly by them. It has mid summers and cold winter with high rate of snowfall. Ayatollah Bahari is a famous clergyman whose shrine is located in Bahar.

Hamedan Useful Tips

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Best Time To Go

Weather in mountainous and cold highlands and mountainous areas in the south is quite modest. Hamedan cold winters and long, and often more than 4 months in frost. Hamedan at all during the winter of natural conditions for winter sports such as skiing enthusiasts. Hamadan's historical and archaeological attractions due to climatic conditions and climate of the area from late May to late October.

Local Food

Food in this province alike others excels in variety. There are various types of 'aash' or a type of soup such as ash-e-dooq, aash-e-kachi, aash-e-qureh etc. A variety of a type of meat broth, called 'abgoosht' such as, abgoosht-e-qureh, abgoosht-e-beh, abgoosht-e-qormeh etc. There are also a variety of meat-balls, kookoos, and kababs (grills). Stuffed vegetables also form another part of the menu. Besides these are many kinds of curries and pickles

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Souvenir and Handicraft

The most important handicraft of the province is earthenware and ceramics, and a place called 'Lalejin' (30 km. north of Hamadan) is famous for this handicraft. Besides earthenware and ceramics, there are the followings - carpet and 'Kilim' weaving (or a coarse carpet), clothing (mainly to do with the nomads), 'jajeem' (or a loosely woven woolen material), leather work, 'geeveh' (a local foot-ware), sweet-meats and grape syrup.

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HamedanBualiParsianHotel, hamedan, iran, hotel
0 reviews

Hamedan bu'aali Parsian 4-star hotel is one of the best hotels of the parsian international hotel chains and with its ancient histoy located in the beautiful and historic hamdan city center .

avg/night€78.00 SELECT
Jahangardihotel, hamedan, iarn ,hotel

Jahangardi Hotel
Hamedan Iran

0 reviews

Jahangardi Hotels Ali Sadr in the village of Ali Sadr city functions Kaboudarahang and 75 kilometers northwest of Hamadan is one of the natural wonders of the world .

avg/night€50.00 SELECT
parsianazadihotel, hamedan, iran, hotel

Parsian Azadi Hotel
Hamedan Iran

0 reviews

Azadi Hamedan Parsian Hotel Parsian International Hotels company covered in the Garden City area of ​​Hamadan on the slopes of Mount Alvand not only the most modern and the most luxurious hotels in the country is in many ways unique but Bfrdtryn hotel is West of the country.

avg/night€78.00 SELECT