Ardabil’s chief claim to fame is the fact that was the cradle of the Safavid, the descendants of Sheikh Safi-od Din (1252-1334), the famous mystic. The theocratic community established in the city gave rise- at the beginning of the 16 the century- to the dynasty founded by Shah Ismail. The Mausoleum of Sheikh Safi is the principal attraction of Ardabil. The mausoleum, in the north-west of the town, is a Large, perfectly round high tower with geometrical decorations of glazed brick in two colors; it has a semi-spherical cupola. The bricks from abstract designs, such as Greek borders and zigzags. Some designs are thought to date back to the 14th century, e.g., the door and its frame of fine arabesques. A strip of inscription in Kufic scrip round the base of the dome. Inside, the tomb, covered with valuable carpets, stands in an octagonal room closed off by a silver railing. The walls are splendidly decorated with poly chrome faience panels, niches with stalactites, and windows with delicately wrought wooden partitions. The chamber is a cylindrical tower capped by a rather low dome, underneath which an exquisite carved box, one of the finest movable treasure pieces of the mausoleum, bearing an inscription in Riqa script, covers the actual burial ground. The adjacent mosque has been badly damaged. However, we still have a large section of the main portal with two superimposed pointed arches set off by fine cable molding. The upper niche is decorated with numerous very slender stalactites faced with brightly colored faience. Lower down are splendid panels of blue and yellow faience with bold floral patterns and flower vases. Still lower are rows of inscriptions. Only fragments have survived of the façade, but you can still see a large wall of the main hall with two rows of ornate windows separated by wide bands of ornamental mosaics. Above the windows there is a white strip of white arabesques on a blue ground, and above that a frieze of stalactites and honeycombs covers with faience. The complex of structures known, at present, as Sheikh Safi’s mausoleum, consists of a portal, a porch, Sheikh Safi-od Din’s tomb –chamber, the Harem (lasies chambers), Sheikh Iama’il’s tomb-chamber, the chini-Khaneh, the jannat-Sara mosque, the Khaneqah, cheragh-Khaneh , the Shahidgah and others, and ranks among the finest historical products of Persian art.